- Better Choice
- Goldband snapper is a tropical bottom-dwelling predatory fish species caught in a number of different fisheries in NT, WA and QLD. This is a relatively long-lived species that is vulnerable to the effects of fishing.
- Goldband snapper are caught in a multi-species hook and line fishery along the Great Barrier Reef Coast.
- Goldband snapper populations appear healthy, and though there is no sophisticated fishery assessment; catches have been at moderate, stable levels and populations are monitored in and protected by extensive marine park zones.
- The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park provides best practice protection for habitats and the wider marine environment the fishery operates within.
- A range of reforms have been introduced to the fishery's management in recent years, many of which represent best international practice in coral reef fishery management.
- QLD Reef Line Fishery (38t in 2019, 47t in 2018)
Goldband snapper are a coral reef fish found throughout the tropical Indo-West Pacific, and are introduced to the GoodFish Guide for the first time in 2022.
Goldband snapper are caught as a secondary species in the multi-species Reef Line Fishery (which targets coral trout and red emperor).
There are no detailed scientific assessments of Goldband snapper stocks in place, though this will be addressed in the near future. Despite this, catches are low and populations are being effectively protected in extensive Great Barrier Marine Park zones closed to fishing. Marine park managers conduct an ongoing environmental monitoring program which provides evidence that Goldband snapper populations are likely to be stable across the main fishing grounds. The first full scientific assessment of the QLD fishery is planned in the near future, which is welcome.
The impacts of line fishing on the marine environment are minimal. In QLD, fishing takes place around the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, which provides world-class science-based protection and monitoring of habitats and the wider ecosystem in the area of these fisheries. Recently established vessel monitoring systems are ensuring fishers are compliant with marine park regulations.
Serious climate-related environmental impacts in the forms of cyclone damage and coral bleaching events (where coral is under stress due to warm ocean waters) have occurred on the Great Barrier Reef in recent years. It is welcome that fishery and environmental managers are monitoring and managing these factors, with new measures designed to maintain species caught in the wider fishery at abundant and environmentally resilient population sizes.
It is likely the line fisheries in QLD pose minimal risk to most other species. Independent fishery observer programs are an important method of verifying protected species interactions, as well as other fishery impacts, such as the type and volume of discarded catch. Unfortunately the QLD Government closed the observer program for all QLD managed fisheries in 2012. In the intervening six years, there has been no independent scrutiny of the impact of the fishery on other species.
Despite this issue, a range of other reforms have been implemented across the fishery since the last GoodFish assessment, many of which represent international best practice and have contributed significantly to the ‘better choice’ ranking of the fishery in this assessment.